AFRICA / SOMALIA – Conflict between cultures, drought emergency and insecurity are the main challenges of the new government
Monday, June 13, 2022
Mogadishu (Agenzia Fides) – “Across the country, Somalis are optimistic. After all, these elections are not without difficulties.” Here’s how Agenzia Fides started a phone conversation with Professor Ali Abdullahi Warsame, former Minister of Health and Environment of the Somali state of Puntland, about forming a new government in the country (see Agenzia Fides) June 9, 2022) .
It was a historic day for Somalia. Here took place the inauguration of the new President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, who was elected on May 15, 2022. In the coming weeks, he will appoint a prime minister who will form the rest of the government. , the executive branch of the government.
“Over the past two years, the country has gone through a transition. Elections have been delayed,” said Mr. Warsame, who is also the chair of Addoun University’s Athenaeum board. It took about two years to get there. However, these elections ended very peacefully and the transition was smooth. Mohamud is the only person to be elected twice to the presidency of Somalia. He is a very experienced, very qualified person and we believe that he can lead the country towards stability, peace and development.
Among the many challenges the new government will face is a severe drought affecting the entire country. Two years without a rainy season, this year failed again. The lives of the people, who are so dependent on livestock and livestock, are in danger. Livestock, livestock, are the economic backbone of our nation, more than 70% of our income,” Professor Warsame pointed out.
Due to the impact of climate change, the country is experiencing severe and severe malnutrition, especially among children, breastfeeding women and the most disadvantaged groups in society, including breeders and people living in the country.
“Another major challenge facing the Somali government is security. Al Shabab forces still control a large part of the country, especially in the south. The issue of Somaliland, which declared independence from the beginning. Somalia’s civil war in 1991, is another obstacle to overcome. Somalis believe that it is part of Somalia. Therefore, peace talks between Somalia and Somaliland are needed.”
Regionally, as part of the broader Horn of Africa, we share all the challenges that the rest of the region faces, one of the main challenges being instability in the region. Ethiopia and also the drought in the Eastern Kenya region. Ethiopia is a very important country for us. It’s a neighboring country. One of the regional countries on the basis of ethnicity is of Somali origin. The conflict that started last year has created much unrest in the whole region and we are all waiting for a peaceful resolution of the problem, hoping to see peace talks between the Tigers and the Tigers soon. Federal Government of Ethiopia. In Kenya there will be elections soon and there we hope for a smooth transition of power and peaceful elections. Everything that happens in the region affects our economic security and well-being. “
Turning to the Ukraine crisis, Professor Warsame highlights how Somalia is also affected. “We are very concerned that this situation has hit us hard economically. Like many other countries in Africa and the Middle East, Somalia imports 80% of the grain it needs from Ukraine and Russia. Of which 50% comes from Ukraine. As a result, the price of wheat has risen sharply. We also share the suffering of the innocent people there. We have memories of the war and we know well what it means to flee our own country and take refuge in other countries. world.”
Then, turning to the question of culture, the university professor emphasized the importance of culture in Somali life. “Culture unites people, through culture we can create peace and stability because culture reduces the gap between people’s mind and different ways of thinking. It can bring about perceive and contribute to the idea of a unique, peaceful and better world to live in. I think this is an area that is neglected even in academia. Our university focuses. got into this topic and wanted to create channels and connections with other international organizations on the subject, be it universities, research institutes or other organisations. in the world is a great clash of cultures.When a culture falls apart, there will be a clash.so talk about and work towards basically lasting peace and stability is about culture and mutual respect between cultures.” (AP/GF) (Agenzia Fides, June 13, 2022)