Dog or wolf? The Czechoslovakian wolfdog, one might guess, resembles both at once: the result of a cross between a Carpathian wolf and a German Shepherd, it is the result of the efforts of Karel Hartl , a cytologist, in the 1950s, wanted to improve the endurance and disease resistance of working dogs. Veterinarian Veronika Kučerová Chrpová explains:
“This breed was born in 1955, through a biological experiment involving the crossing of a German Shepherd and a Carpathian wolf, in order to demonstrate that it is possible to cross two animals, a wolf and a wolf. And they succeeded in both directions, with a dog and a wolf as well as with a bitch and a wolf.So the experiment ended in 1965, giving rise to a new project. : create a new breed. »
Dog or wolf?
And cytologist Vladimíra Tichá to show what this new breed is for:
“Initially, it was an experiment, a research project. Then it was decided that the Czech border guards could have a breed of their own. In the same way that the Black Russian Terrier was created in the Soviet Union in the second half of the twentieth century by the Military School of Dog Breeding, the Czechs will have their Czechoslovakian wolf breed. The breed thus began to be bred more; however, I am not sure this is the ideal dog for border guard. Of the wolf, he has temperament; for example, it has trouble changing owners. But it is a beautiful and elegant dog, very successful. »
Czechoslovakian Wolfhound or German Shepherd?
Classified among sheepdogs and herding dogs, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog is a medium-sized and robust dog breed, 60 to 70 cm at the shoulder, with the distinction of size between males and females. With its somatic composition, gait, quality and color of its coat and facial mask, it resembles the wolf. However, with a German Shepherd dog often confuses him. But Vladimíra Tichá lists what distinguishes them with the naked eye:
“The Czechoslovakian wolf is slightly taller and lighter than the German Shepherd. It has a finer bone structure and a golden to silver gray coat, while the German Shepherd is black and tan, dark gray or black. In addition, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog has sharper eyes. »
The Czechoslovakian wolf is famous for its great intelligence, endurance, endurance and fearlessness, ability to withstand sudden changes in weather and a highly developed sense of smell, but also for its loyalty. absolute to the master.
the dog does it all
It is now bred as a work dog and for canine sports, but also as a guard dog and as a companion animal. It is therefore a very versatile dog, as explained by our colleague Michaela van Erne from Radiožurnal, who has been keeping Czechoslovak wolves for more than 20 years:
“With the Czechoslovakian wolfdog, you can participate in costume contests, which means you can turn it into a working dog, a rescue dog… Thanks to its flair, it can find people in the snow. miss. You can make him pass the performance tests, because the Czechoslovakian wolfdog knows how to save his forces while making an effort. Therefore, he is fully capable of passing this test which involves running 40, 70 or even 100 km with his owner – who, of course, will later travel by bicycle or scooter . »
As Vladimíra Tichá pointed out, none of the seven national Czech breeds (which we introduced to you in the Czech Cross-Dogs series) are aggressive. Despite the wolf-like appearance, the Czechoslovak wolf is no exception. Then there is no meaning, but only one flaw: his destructive behavior.
A wolf in a dog’s body
So raising and training it is a real test of patience – and humility, as experience has taught Michaela Van Erne:
“Raising a wolf in Czechoslovakia is one step forward, two steps back. Therefore, I strongly recommend using a basic obedience training program, either at a dog education center that offers a personalized approach, or experienced wolf trainers. . »
“The other side of the coins is their special destructive ability. They have the ability to destroy anything they come across, from seat belts to furniture, including shoes, jerry cans or even lawn mowers… For the average person, get used to it. For a normal dog, it’s completely unthinkable. Every time you rest on your laurels, convinced that you have kicked your dog out of this destructive habit, that you think this era of extermination is over, the coyote will show you that it’s not and found something new to destroy. Let’s say that as soon as the mood takes hold of him, he knows how to show the man is in charge. »
Czech or Slovak?
Since the pedigree was created in Czechoslovakia, after the family was dissolved, Slovakia was entrusted with the patronage of the Czechoslovak wolf breed. However, it is recognized as the national breed in both the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Furthermore, it should be understood that Slovakia should not make changes to the standard without the consent of the Czech Republic.
This breed was recognized by the International Federation of Cytology in 1999. It is one of only two wolf breeds recognized by the International Federation of Cytology (FCI), the other being the Saarloos wolf. .
Bred throughout Europe, apart from the two states of former Czechoslovakia, the Czechoslovakian wolf is especially popular in Italy. In the Czech Republic, there are currently about 1500 to 2000 Czechoslovakian wolves.