the scare footage was re-authorised by the government

Despite two decisions by the Council of State, the French government persevered and signaled: breeders will be able to demand non-lethal injections to keep bears away from their herd, a measure that causes Controversy for a new permanent repellant device for protected plantings.

In 2019, facing the grievances of alleged shepherdspyrenean bear population is growing to replicate attacks, the government has experimented with animal repellent measures to protect sheep and sheep flocks, measures are renewed every year on a trial basis.

No “obvious negative effects” according to the government

With three years of insight, the Departments of Agricultural and Ecological Conversion now believe the system can be made permanent, as evidenced by the ordinance published Tuesday in the Official Journal. The reports showed “absence of clear negative effects” on bear populations and “a certain effect related to avoidance of predation,” argued the ministries posted in the investigation. Written public consultation at the end of April.

The system still provides that, when there is a change of the provincial office, breeders can use simple means of fear (sound, smell and light). “Heavy” intimidation using non-lethal shots (double detonation cartridges or rubber bullets) may be required under certain repeat attacks, provided that the following measures are taken. simple intimidation was performed first and eliminated the focus of the Pyrenees National Park.

It’s a complete misunderstanding,” Alain Reynes, director of the Pays de l’ours-Adet association, told AFP. We do not understand that the state is aiming to fear bears when France’s highest administrative court has twice ruled that it is illegal. “.

The State Council has effectively canceled in 2020 and 2021 the provisions of the decrees of 2019 and 2020 on non-lethal shooting, and an appeal for 2021 is underway. In their decision in April 2022, the judges held that fearing was simply “not likely to cause harm” to the species.

On the other hand, whilebrown bear is a protected speciesThe intimidation provisions “still cannot guarantee” that the offenses “do not affect the maintenance of the populations concerned within their natural ranges and do not affect the population,” they concluded. Pays de l’ours-Adet and Ferus, two of the associations that carry out these procedures, assured AFP they would also attack the new decree.

A “purely political” decision

the National Council for the Protection of Natureconsulted by the government for this text, also gave an “adverse” opinion, rated “in doubt” about the sustainability of a trial that had not yet proven its effectiveness, and pleaded for measures to be taken. such as night power parks or the presence of dogs.

The government’s decision was “purely political”, denounced to AFP Patrick Leyrissous, Ferus’ vice-president. “It’s to the delight of some breeders.” But this is not necessarily true for everyone. For Christian Fourcade, president of Hautes-Pyrenees’ FDSEA, these intimidation measures “have absolutely no effect”. “We are dealing with animals that are no longer afraid of humans. Even when they are shot with rubber bullets, some bears don’t back down,” he told AFP.

So, for him, the only solution is “to eliminate or eliminate the problem of bullies”, otherwise “a pedestrian or a shepherd will be eaten”. The species was on the verge of extinction in the mid-1990s with five individuals, before a breeding program was established. The population is currently estimated at 70 bears in 2021 (64 in 2020, 59 in 2019), according toFrench Office of Biodiversity (OFB), however, in its latest report argues that “the fate of the population remains uncertain”.

Here more and more bears This was accompanied by an outcry from breeders alleging that vegetation attacked the herd, which was revived after the re-entry of two Slovenian females in 2018. According to the government, 486 compensation records were recorded in 2021, with a total of 723 animals killed (mostly sheep), but the bear’s responsibility was not proven for all of these deaths. The peak is from 2019 with 738 reported attacks killing 1,620 animals.

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